This clinical term was treated very differently according to which explanatory model was adopted.
Nowadays, it is used to refer to developmental coordination disorder in view of its neuro-developmental origin. In any case, the actual clinical situations vary and are often complex.
In our opinion, it is first necessary to examine the differential diagnosis: apraxia in children caused dyspraxics dating lesions, dysgraphia, simply delayed motor development, non-verbal learning disability syndrome, hemispheric specialisation deficits, pervasive developmental dyspraxics dating autisms, Asperger syndrome, atypical autism and other pervasive developmental disordersmixed specific developmental disorders, multiple developmental disorder, and children with high potential.
Next we focus on co-morbidity. Secondly, we examine psychopathological disorders associated with dyspraxia.
Children with developmental coordination disorder are less inclined to participate in collective games. As a result, there is a greater risk of them becoming lonely and isolated. They have higher child behaviour checklist CBCL scores in the somatic problems scale as well as for anxiety, depression and social withdrawal. They have low self-perception in sports as well as at school, which is related to their physical appearance and their self-esteem, attention deficit and externalized behaviour.
These children are often at risk of academic failure and they suffer from oppositional defiant disorder and functional disorders. And finally, we believe that it is important to touch on the impact of these disorders on the family.